The Crop Circle Season 1996 in the Land of the Angeln

by Clemens Richter (Transl. Markus Schröder)


(All photographs © Clemens Richter)




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The first two German crop circle formations were found rather early in the state of Schleswig-Holstein, but one couldn't anticipate that 1996 would bring a real crop circle season to the ancient country of origin of the Anglo-Saxons. An oilseed rape circle and two circles in young barley fields near Lindau were the beginning of an interesting course of development that culminated in two gigantic and complex pictograms, which reminded me of the first huge formations of the late '80s and early '90s in England.

The first formation was discovered near Lindau at the river Schlei at the end of May: it was a simple circle with a diameter of about 9 m (29.5 ft) in an oilseed rape field. Let's simply call it Formation 1.
Formation 2 was composed of two circles of approximately 20 m (65.5 ft) and 6 m (19.7 ft) in diameter. They were found in a field of barley on the other side of the small road where Formation 1 was found.

Formation 2 - © Clemens Richter

The next formation appeared on June 8. The positions of all formations can be located on a regular 1:200.000 map of Germany between the cities of Schleswig and Kappeln at the river Schlei [The "borders" of Angeln are Denmark in the north, the Baltic Sea in the east, the river Schlei in the south and the Interstate A 7 in the west].
Formation 3 consisted of three circles in a rye field near Loit. The most impressive circle had a diameter of 19 m (62.3 ft). The crop was bent in soft and fluctuating layers through which single stalks and bundles grew straight upward. They were apparently not affected by the force being responsible for the formation. Formation 3 becomes even more interesting if one considers that several witnesses reported ten years earlier an UFO-sighting directly over the field. An expert of ancient mythology also pointed out that one of the earliest historical sanctuaries is situated nearby.

Formation 3 - © Clemens Richter

Formation 4 appeared at the end of June in a wheat field near Kius and consisted of four circles of 9 (29.5), 4 (13.1), 3 (9.8), and 2 m (6.6 yds) in diameter. The two largest were connected by a curved path.

Formation 4 - © Clemens Richter

Formation 5, found on July 16, was the most impressive pictogram of the season. It was in a wheat field near Geel / Brodersby, and its discovery went through the northern German tabloids and newspapers when the farmer himself informed the press. This pictogram was so far the only one which could be seen from a road. It was a complex construction of circles, rings, straight and bent lines and a sickle. Some of the parts were connected through a long symmetrical axis. The pictogram was about 70 m (76.6 yds) long.

Formation 5 - © Clemens Richter

Formation 6 and 7 were found due to a systematic search for more circles on July 28 near Neutolkschuby.

Formation 6 consisted of two circles next to each other of 8 (26.2) and 3 m (9.8 ft) in diameter. Formation 7 was a single circle of 6 m (19.7 ft) in diameter nearby on the other side of the road, both formations were in wheat fields.

Formation 6 and 7 - © Clemens Richter

Only fifteen minutes later, I found Formation 8 near Tolk. It consisted of four circles in ascending growth. The largest was surrounded by a sickle or crescent with two antennae or grape shots. I called the formation not very scientificly "trilobite" because it reminded me of a prehistoric insect of that name.

Formation 8 - © Clemens Richter

Last but not least, I found on August 15 Formation 9 near Twedt and Formation 10 near Grumby, both in wheat fields at the Federal Highway B 201.

Formation 10 - © Clemens Richter

A crop circle enthusiast - standing on the B 201 - would have been able to identify the pictogram of Formation 10. The farmer said it appeared in the night before it was discovered: a 92 m (100.6 yd) long pictogram consisting of several circles, rings and outgrowth which looked like prehistoric symbols. Its unbelievable beauty could only be seen from above. While flying over the formation and taking pictures I discovered a few kilometres away Formation 9 which was nearly as impressive. Although it had a length of 82 m (89.7 yds), it was hardly to be seen from the B 201. During the examination I heard that it had been discovered the week before by some inhabitants of the village.

Formation 9 - © Clemens Richter


These are the similarities that occured in all formations in Schleswig-Holstein, put in a nutshell:

All circles and swaying lines were turned to the left, i. e. anti-clockwise, and all circles were spiraled from the inner to the outer parts.

The force - what or whoever - didn't damage the stalks but had had the energy to bend or break the stems directly over the ground, depending on the growing direction of the stalks (several stalks grow from one seed into different directions). The stalks didn't die off but grew further. The younger the crop was, the softer were the layers. If the crop was still in the growing period, it showed after some time swells and twists where the crop tried to raise again. This wasn't noticed in the latter formations because the crop was ripe and already outgrown. The stalks - which were often exposed to chemicals - stayed flat because of their heavy ears.

All formations which were examined with a dowser's rod (Formation 3 to 10) did show significant differences to the crop outside the formation regarding to ley lines, cosmic rays, clockwise and anti-clockwise turning rays and so forth. Most interesting, the radioactivity was getting stonger the higher the surveying was done (standing on a ladder). A detailed report will be given soon by the new FGK-member Mr. Kranz from Sch÷rderup, who operates with a dowser's rod.

I didn't notice compass anomalies but compass deviations of less than three degree in Formation 5, 9, and 10. They stayed the same in several surveyances, but they were too small to be significant or to be related to forces that could have caused the appearance of crop circles.

Well, it seems that the crop circle phenomeneon swept over from England to Schleswig-Holstein, but only on the first glance. The sudden increase in crop circle sightings has to be seen from a different perspective, although it may have to do with the ancient energy lines that reach from southern England to northern Germany, as one theory states.

The regional reporting office of the FGK in Angeln had during the last season for the first time the chance to search for crop circle with a small plane. Many formations couldn't be seen from roads, only the planme made it possible to discover them.

Even with a plane, it was not a difficult job. The landscape is not easy to survey with its many willows, rivulets, crops, hills, forests, fields of sunbeams, shadows thrown by clouds, trenches, windfall in the fields, tracks from vehicles, and so on. I'm not surprised about colleagues who flew over the area and said: "Where are your crop circles now? I was near the place you told me and I didn't see anything!"

So we have to ask the question, are there crop circles in other areas of Schleswig-Holstein that we can't survey by plane? Farmers don'T talk about it since they are afraid of gapers who destroy the crop because buses full of tourists drive to the nearby screening sites for the popular German TV show "Der Landarzt". Not every farmer is as cooperative as Mr. Schmidt from Geel near Brodersby, who called the newspapers himself to proudly show them "his" circles.

I usually promised the farmers not to announce publicly where I found the pictograms until harvest time. After I gave the promise, many farmers were helpful.

A detailled report about each of the ten formations is available. Some other formations were reported but the sources were either not liable or the formation were found to be windfalls.


For further questions or comments please contact:

Clemens Richter
Norderstr. 18
D-24401 B÷el
Tel: ++49 (04641) 8353



First published in the FGK-Report #3/96


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